Arowana Diet: Secrets for Optimal Growth and Health

arowana diet


Arowanas, known for their striking appearance and carnivorous nature, require a carefully planned diet to achieve optimal growth and health.

As an aquarist, it’s essential to understand their unique feeding habits and provide them with the right balance of proteins, vitamins, and minerals. In this blog post, we will delve into the secrets of a healthy Arowana diet so that your beautiful fish can not only survive but thrive in its aquatic environment.

Key Takeaways

  • Arowanas are carnivorous fish with a natural instinct to hunt small live prey, so replicating their feeding behavior is essential for optimal health and growth.
  • A well-balanced diet that includes both live and prepared foods will provide your Arowana with the necessary nutrients such as proteins, vitamins, and minerals crucial to their development.
  • Feeding frequency should be adjusted according to the age of your fish – young Arowanas require more frequent feedings than older ones. Overfeeding can lead to obesity while underfeeding can cause malnourishment and stunted growth.
  • To avoid common feeding mistakes like overfeeding or poor quality food, it’s vital to select high-quality commercial fish food specifically formulated for carnivorous fish like Arowanas. Additionally, proper water parameters and compatible tank mates will help ensure your pets thrive in their aquatic environment.

Arowana Fish Feeding Habits

Arowanas are carnivorous fish and have a natural instinct to prey on small fish and insects in their habitat.

Arowana Fish Feeding Behavior

Arowana fish are known for their unique feeding behavior, which is characterized by their voracious appetite and aggressive nature. In the wild, these carnivorous fish rely on their strong sense of sight and powerful jaw muscles to catch unsuspecting prey.

In a home aquarium setting, aquarists should be prepared to replicate this natural feeding behavior by providing a diverse selection of live and frozen foods for optimal health and growth.

Arowanas are not picky eaters, but they do enjoy hunting live prey such as shrimp or crickets.

To encourage natural hunting instincts while avoiding stress on your pet fish, consider using floating pellets or sticks that mimic the movement of live food at the water’s surface.

Types Of Food Arowana Fish Eat

Arowana fish have a carnivorous diet and primarily eat live food options such as shrimp, insects, and small fish in the wild, but they can also be fed prepared foods such as frozen or pellet feeds.

Live Food Options For Arowana Fish

Arowanas thrive on a diet that includes a variety of live food options, ensuring they receive the necessary nutrients for optimal growth and health. Aquarists can choose from the following live foods to keep their Arowana happy and healthy:

Small FishArowanas prey on small fish, such as feeder fish or goldfish, providing them with essential nutrients and helping to mimic their natural hunting behavior.
InsectsInsects like crickets, mealworms, and grasshoppers are a great source of protein for Arowanas, and can be found in their natural environment.
ShrimpFresh or frozen shrimp offer high-quality protein and other essential nutrients, making them an excellent choice for Arowana fish.
Frogs and TadpolesArowanas feed on frogs and tadpoles in the wild, which offer additional variety and nutrients to their diet.
EarthwormsRich in protein and nutrients, earthworms are a natural food source for Arowanas and can be easily found or bought in bait shops.
Aquatic SnailsSnails are high in calcium, which aids in maintaining strong bones and scales in these large-growing fish.
Market PrawnsThough not strictly “live,” fresh market prawns provide many of the same nutritional benefits as their fully aquatic counterparts.

By offering your Arowana fish various live food options, you ensure they receive the proper balance of essential nutrients such as proteins, omega fatty acids, and other vitamins crucial to their growth and development.

Prepared Food Options For Arowana Fish

Arowana owners should consider a variety of prepared food options for their fish to ensure a well-rounded and nutritious diet. These options are designed specifically for carnivorous fish, offering high-quality protein and nutrients essential for their growth and health:

  1. Pellets: Many manufacturers produce pellets formulated specifically for Arowanas, with ingredients such as fish meal, shrimp meal, and krill. These can be used as a staple in the fish’s diet.
  2. Frozen foodFrozen foods like bloodworms, brine shrimp, and mysis shrimp provide excellent sources of protein for Arowanas and can be convenient alternatives to live food.
  3. Freeze-dried food: Similar to frozen food, freeze-dried options include insects such as crickets or mealworms that have been dehydrated to extend shelf life while retaining most of their nutritional value.
  4. High-protein flake food: Some brands offer flake foods designed for carnivorous fish that contain higher protein levels than standard flakes, making them an attractive option for Arowanas.
  5. Prepared gel dietsGel-based foods are moist and easy to digest, providing balanced nutrition for Arowanas without risk of impaction from harder pellet or dry food options.
  6. Combination feeding: Mixing different types of prepared foods can provide variety in the diet while ensuring optimal nutrient balance for your Arowana’s growth and health.

Remember to always follow manufacturer guidelines when selecting appropriate quantities of prepared foods to avoid overfeeding or undernourishing your Arowana fish.

shrimps for arowana

How To Prepare Homemade Food For Arowana Fish

To ensure that your Arowana fish receive a balanced diet, this section provides step-by-step instructions on how to prepare homemade food and supplement packaged food while preventing nutritional deficiencies.

Steps To Prepare Homemade Food For Arowana Fish

If you want to create homemade food for your Arowana fish, you will need to follow these simple steps:

  1. Choose a protein-rich base ingredient such as shrimp or fish.
  2. Cook the ingredients thoroughly to avoid any digestive issues.
  3. Allow the food to cool completely before feeding it to your Arowana fish.
  4. Store any leftover food in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days.

By following these steps, you can easily create nutritious homemade food that will help maintain the health of your Arowana fish. Don’t forget to consider their dietary needs when selecting ingredients and ensure that they get proper nutrition from their diet.

preparing homemade food for arowana

How To Supplement Packaged Food For Arowana Fish

In addition to live and prepared foods, packaged food can also be a convenient option for feeding Arowana fish. However, it’s important to supplement this with other nutrients to ensure optimal health.

One way to do this is by adding fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables such as peas, spinach, or berries that contain essential vitamins and minerals. Another method is mixing in high-quality protein-rich pellets or flakes that are specifically formulated for carnivorous fish like Arowanas.

How To Avoid Nutritional Deficiencies In Arowana Fish

Proper nutrition is crucial for the health and growth of Arowana fish. Nutritional deficiencies can lead to stunted growth, weakened immune systems, and even death.

One key factor to consider is the type of food you’re feeding your Arowana fish. A varied diet that includes both live and prepared foods can help ensure they’re getting all the nutrients they need.

Be sure to choose high-quality commercial fish foods that are specifically formulated for carnivorous fish like Arowanas.

In addition, pay attention to how much you’re feeding your Arowana fish each day. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health problems, while underfeeding can cause malnourishment and stunted growth.

Make sure you follow a regular feeding schedule based on your particular breed of Arowana, their age, size, and activity level.

When And How Often To Feed Arowana Fish

To ensure optimal growth and health, Arowanas should be fed 2-3 times per day and their feeding frequency should be adjusted according to their age.

Frequency And Timing Of Arowana Fish Feeding

Arowanas are active eaters and should be fed 2-3 times per day for optimal growth and health. However, the feeding frequency may vary depending on the age of the fish. Young Arowanas require more frequent feedings as they have faster metabolism compared to adult counterparts.

The timing of feeding also plays an essential role in maintaining healthy fish. Arowana feeding should be consistent every day, preferably at the same time, to avoid altering their biological clock.

Feeding them during daylight when they are most active will increase appetite and reduce food waste in the tank.

arowana diet

Feeding Techniques For Young Arowana Fish

Young Arowana fish require specific feeding techniques to ensure optimal growth and development. It’s important to feed them small portions multiple times a day instead of one large meal.

To encourage feeding, try using live food such as insects or small fish.

It’s crucial to monitor your young Arowana’s growth rate regularly and adjust their feeding schedule accordingly. Providing high-protein food with nutrient balance is vital for their healthy growth and overall fitness.

How Long Can Arowanas Go Without Food?

Arowanas are large, carnivorous fish, that require a substantial amount of food, but like many fish, they can endure periods without food if necessary. Adult Arowanas can generally survive without food for about 1-2 weeks, but this is not ideal and can lead to health problems if prolonged. Younger Arowanas need to eat more frequently and may only be able to go a few days without food.

While Arowanas can survive these periods without food, it’s not beneficial for their health or growth. If they go without food for several weeks, Arowanas will start to lose weight and their health will decline. If your Arowana is not eating, potential reasons could include stress, illness, or a poor diet. It’s important to identify and address the cause of the problem accordingly.

Therefore, maintaining regular feeding schedules is crucial. If you anticipate being away and unable to feed your Arowana, consider using an automatic fish feeder or arranging for someone else to feed your fish.

The health and well-being of your Arowana should always be a priority. If you have specific concerns about your Arowana’s diet or feeding schedule, it’s best to consult with a vet or a fish care professional.

arowana diet

Common Feeding Mistakes For Arowana Fish Owners

Feeding arowana fish seems like an easy task, but it requires the right knowledge and techniques to avoid common mistakes that can affect the fish’s health and growth. Here are some of the most common feeding mistakes made by arowana fish owners:

  • Overfeeding: Arowanas have a slow metabolism, which means they can easily become overweight if overfed. It is essential to feed them in small portions to avoid this issue.
  • Poor quality food: Arowanas require high-quality food with enough protein, vitamins, and minerals for optimal growth and health. Low-quality food with fillers can lead to nutrition deficiency and stunted growth.
  • Feeding at the wrong time: Arowanas are active during the day and rest at night. Feeding these fish at night or early morning when they are not hungry can cause uneaten food to decompose and pollute the water.
  • Inappropriate feeding techniques: Throwing large chunks of food into the tank can cause injuries or even death to arowana fish. Use tongs or tweezers to hand-feed or scatter small pieces of food for their convenience.
  • Skipping meals: Skipping feeds can make up for overfeeding in previous schedules and also increase their level of stress in case they go long without being fed.
  • Wrong tank mates: Having incompatible tank mates may result in aggressive behavior that will hinder their feeding habits causing stress leading lesser appetite due to competition for resources.

Avoiding these common mistakes could mean success in keeping healthy, fast-growing Arowana fish.

Expert Tips For Feeding Arowana Fish

Expert recommendations for feeding arowana fish includes varying their diet, offering both live and prepared foods, supplementing packaged food with nutrient-rich supplements, and avoiding overfeeding.

Expert Recommendations For Arowana Fish Feeding

Feeding your Arowana fish can be challenging, but following expert recommendations can help you provide optimal nutrition and care for your aquatic pet. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  1. Provide a varied diet: Arowanas need a diverse diet to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients. Offer different kinds of live foods such as shrimp and crickets, and supplement with high-quality frozen foods.
  2. Feed small amounts frequently: Arowanas have small stomachs and can only eat a little at once, so it is best to feed them small meals throughout the day rather than one large meal.
  3. Pay attention to water temperature: Arowanas are sensitive to temperature changes, so make sure the water is within their preferred range.
  4. Monitor growth rate: Rapid growth in arowanas can lead to health problems, so keep an eye on their growth rate and adjust feeding accordingly.
  5. Avoid overfeeding: Overfeeding can cause health issues such as bloating and constipation, so always feed your arowana fish in moderation.

Remember that ensuring proper nutrition for your arowana fish will help promote optimal growth and overall health.

Tricks For Enhancing The Color Of Arowana Fish Through Diet

Arowana fish are known for their stunning colors and shimmering scales, making them one of the most sought-after aquarium fish. To enhance the color of your Arowana fish, it’s essential to feed them a balanced diet that includes foods rich in pigments and nutrients.

One trick is to include shrimp or krill in their diet as these crustaceans contain astaxanthin, a pigment that enhances red and orange hues while also promoting overall health.

However, feeding your Arowana too much can lead to obesity and slow growth, which may affect its coloration negatively. Therefore avoiding overfeeding is crucial while ensuring nutrient balance at all times through proper feeding regimen.

Maintaining appropriate water parameters plays an equally significant role in keeping your Arowana healthy and colorful; when you provide nutrient-dense meals alongside adequate filtration with oxygenated water circulation system(s), this will prevent discoloration from contaminants in stagnant waters due to poor upkeep.


In conclusion, understanding the feeding habits and nutritional needs of Arowanas is crucial for their optimal growth and health. Selecting the right type of food and preparing it properly can prevent nutritional deficiencies that can harm your fish.

Additionally, ensuring appropriate water parameterstank size, and compatible tank mates will lead to a happier environment for them to thrive in.

Frequently Asked Questions

Arowanas require a diet rich in protein, so it is recommended to feed them live or frozen foods such as shrimp, crickets, mealworms, and small feeder fish like goldfish or guppies. Prepared diets are also available that can provide the necessary nutrients the fish needs.

It is suggested that you feed your Arowana once or twice daily. The amount and frequency of feeding will depend on the age of your fish and its individual appetite.

Yes, overfeeding may lead to serious health problems including obesity, swim bladder issues and shortened lifespan. Always monitor how much your fish is eating and adjust accordingly to prevent overfeeding.

Adding vitamin supplements can enhance an Arowana’s coloration while providing added nutrition for overall good health. It is advisable to consult with an aquatic specialist before adding any new supplement into their diet regimen as these could potentially cause more harm than good if not used appropriately – always follow dosage guidelines provided by manufacturers carefully!

Arowanas are primarily carnivorous, but some owners have found that their fish will accept certain vegetables like peas or lettuce. However, this is not typical behavior for Arowanas. Vegetables should not be the majority of an Arowana’s diet, which needs to be high in protein. It is possible that feeding them fruits or vegetables could lead to digestive issues or an unbalanced diet that could negatively impact their health.

Arowanas are primarily carnivorous. Consumption of fruits is not typical behavior for Arowanas. Fruits should not be the majority of an Arowana’s diet, which needs to be high in protein. It is possible that feeding them fruits or vegetables could lead to digestive issues or an unbalanced diet that could negatively impact their health. Additionally, too much fruit could impact the pH level of the water in the tank and create an unhealthy environment for your fish.

Adult Arowanas can generally survive without food for about 1-2 weeks, while younger Arowanas may only be able to go a few days without food. However, these periods of fasting are not ideal and can lead to health problems if prolonged.

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